Breast Cancer 101

 

 

October is Breast Cancer Awarness Month. In honor of all survuvors, thoes fighting, and thoes who have passed away from breast cancer, Bella Forza Fitness is dedicating the week of October 14-October 20 All fundraising proceeds will go to The Pink Ribbon Girls.

 

What exactly is Breast cancer?

Breast cancer is a kind of cancer that develops from breast cells. There are two main types of breast cancer- carcinoma, which is a breast cancer that started off in the lobules, and ductal carcinoma, which is a breast cancer formed in the ducts and is the most common type form breast cancer. According to the National Cancer Institute, 232,340 female breast cancers and 2,240 male breast cancers are reported in the USA each year, as well as about 39,620 deaths caused by the cancer.

 

 

What are the symptoms of breast cancer?

According to The National Health Service, UK, women who detect any of the following signs or symptoms should tell their doctor:

  • A lump in a breast
  • A pain in the armpits or breast that does not seem to be related to the woman’s menstrual period
  • Pitting or redness of the skin of the breast; like the skin of an orange
  • A rash around (or on) one of the nipples
  • A swelling (lump) in one of the armpits
  • An area of thickened tissue in a breast
  • One of the nipples has a discharge; sometimes it may contain blood
  • The nipple changes in appearance; it may become sunken or inverted
  • The size or the shape of the breast changes
  • The nipple-skin or breast-skin may have started to peel, scale or flake

 

 

 

What are the causes of Breast Cancer?

It is hard to say why one person develops the disease while another does not. We know that some risk factors can impact on a woman’s likelihood of developing breast cancer.

  • Getting older – the older a woman gets, the higher is her risk of developing breast cancer; age is a risk factor. Over 80% of all female breast cancers occur among women aged 50+ years.
  • Genetics – women who have a close relative who has/had breast or ovarian cancer are more likely to develop breast cancer. If two close family members develop the disease, it does not necessarily mean they shared the genes that make them more vulnerable, because breast cancer is a relatively common cancer.
  • A history of breast cancer – women who have had breast cancer, even non-invasive cancer, are more likely to develop the disease again, compared to women who have no history of the disease.
  • Having had certain types of breast lumps – women who have had some types of benign (non-cancerous) breast lumps are more likely to develop cancer later on. Examples include atypical ductal hyperplasia or lobular carcinoma in situ.
  • Dense breast tissue – women with more dense breast tissue have a greater chance of developing breast cancer.
  • Obesity – post-menopausal obese and overweight women may have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. Experts say that there are higher levels of estrogen in obese menopausal women, which may be the cause of the higher risk.

 

 

How can you prevent breast cancer?

According to cancer.org, there is no sure way to prevent breast cancer. But there are things all women can do that might reduce their risk and help increase the odds that if cancer does occur, it will be found at an early, more treatable stage.

  • Get regular, intentional physical activity.
  • Reduce your lifetime weight gain by limiting your calories and getting regular physical activity.
  • Avoid or limit your alcohol intake.
  • Get checked for breast cancer regularly by your physician. mammograms, Clinical Breast Cancer Exams, and Self Checking for Breast cancer are the most common ways of checking for breast cancer.

 

 

 

Can exercise truly lower your risk of breast cancer?

 Nearly 30 studies have shown that women who exercise at moderate to vigorous levels for three or more hours per week reduce their risk of getting breast cancer by 30 percent to 40 percent. According to Dr. Anne McTiernan, that’s about as much reduction in risk as provided by the drug tamoxifen, but without the side effects. The American Cancer Society and the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer recently developed guidelines for cancer prevention focusing on physical activity, weight control and nutrition. They both conclude that the evidence linking exercise to a reduced risk for breast cancer is convincing, and both recommend that women engage in moderate to vigorous exercise for at least 30 minutes per day, preferably more for optimal benefit.

Scientists believe that hormones are the link between exercise and breast-cancer protection. Exercise reduces levels of estrogen, testosterone, insulin, and growth factors, all of which may either cause breast cancer or prompt it to grow faster and larger. Women with high levels of these hormones in their blood have a high risk of developing breast cancer.

Although exercise and good nutrition alone cannot 100% prevent breast cancer, it is a good start to lowering your risk, and risks of other diseases.

 

 

 

 

 

 

All Information from this article came from the resources below. Bella Forza Fitness does not claim any information. Early detection and prevention are best for success rates.

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/

http://abcnews.go.com/

http://www.cancer.gov/

 

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